Civil Rights: Historical

The Tragedy of Stokely Carmichael,” Reviews in American History 43 (September 2015: 564-70.

The Obscure Heroes Behind Congress’s Great Moment,” The American Prospect 25 (May/June 2014): 85-87. (Todd Purdum, An Idea Whose Time Has Come, and Clay Risen, The Bill of the Century).

“Marching For Hope and Finding Ugliness,” Washington Post, 9 February 2014, p. B6. (Aram Goudsouzian, Down to the Crossroads & David L. Chappell, Waking From the Dream).

“Toward A Definitive History of Griggs v. Duke Power Co.,” Vanderbilt Law Review 67 (January 2014): 197-237.

Nicholas DeB. Katzenbach, 17 January 1922–8 May 2012,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 157 (December 2013): 471-477.

“The Long March,” New York Times Book Review, 18 August 2013, p. 17. (William P. Jones, The March on Washington).

“How Black Lawyers Crossed the Color Line,” Washington Post Book World, 9 September 2012, p. B7. (Kenneth W. Mack, Representing the Race).

“Foreword” to Martin A. Berger, Seeing Through Race:  A Reinterpretation of Civil Rights Photography (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011), pp. ix-xii.

“A Revisionist’s History,” Wilson Quarterly 35 (Spring 2011): 90-93. (Manning Marable, Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention).

“Foreshadowing the Future: 1957 and the United States Black Freedom Struggle,” Arkansas Law Review 62 (2009): 1-28.

“How American Ghettoes Were Made,” Washington Post Book World, 15 March 2009, p. B7. (Beryl Satter, Family Properties: Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America).

“An Unfinished Dream,” Newsweek, 21 January 2009, pp. 89-93.

“True North,” Wilson Quarterly 33 (Winter 2009): 89-92. (Thomas J. Sugrue, Sweet Land of Liberty).

“In the Thick of Things Alongside RFK and LBJ,” Los Angeles Times, 24 October 2008, p. E18. (Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, Some of It Was Fun: Working With RFK and LBJ).

“Early Warriors in the Fight for Racial Equality,” New York Times, 4 January 2008, p. E39. (Glenda Gilmore, Defying Dixie).

“The Evolution of Affirmative Action and the Necessity of Truly Individualized Admissions Decisions,” Journal of College and University Law 34 (2007): 1-19. (Reprinted as “Affirmative Actionand the U. S. Black Freedom Struggle,” in Marvin Krislov, et al., eds., The Next Twenty Five Years? Affirmative Action and Higher Education in the United States and South Africa (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009, pp. 35-49).

“Picking Up the Books: The New Historiography of the Black Panther Party,” Reviews in American History 35 (December 2007): 650-70.

“Separate and Unequal,” Wilson Quarterly 31 (Spring 2007): 90-92. (Adam Fairclough, A Class of Their Own).

“Martin Luther King, Jr.,” “Coretta Scott King,” “Medgar Evers,” “Myrlie Evers-Williams,” “Rosa Parks,” and “Ruby Bridges,” in World Book Encyclopedia (Chicago: World Book, 2007), vol. 6, p. 425, vol. 11, pp. 320-23, vol. 15, pp. 171-72, etc.

“How the Press Reported on Racism, and How It Didn’t,” New York Times, 22 November 2006, p. E14. (Gene Roberts & Hank Klibanoff, The Race Beat).

“Down the Highway to Freedom,” Wilson Quarterly 30 (Spring 2006): 103-04. (Raymond Arsenault, Freedom Riders).

“Journey’s End,” Los Angeles Times Book Review, 15 January 2006, pp. R4-R5. (Taylor Branch, At Canaan’s Edge).

“History Almost Passed Her [Rosa Parks] By,” Los Angeles Times, 27 October 2005, p. B13.

“Rosa Parks: Modest Hero, Civil Rights Icon,” Christian Science Monitor, 26 October 2005, pp. 2-3.

“All Was Right—and Wrong—With the World,” Los Angeles Times Book Review, 10 July 2005, p. R5. (Karl Fleming, Son of the Rough South).

“An Awkward Alliance,” Washington Post Book World, 16 January 2005, p. 4. (Nick Kotz, Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws That Changed America).

“Two Books Focus on the Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi,” Chicago Tribune, 16 January 2005, p. XIV-4 (Todd Moye, Let the People Decide, & Mark Newman, Divine Agitators).

“Correcting the Record (A Bit) on Violence in the Civil Rights Movement,” Chicago Tribune, 20 June 2004, p. XIV-4. (Lance Hill, The Deacons for Defense).

“Freedom Came at Cost of Family,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 30 May 2004, pp. K1-K2. (John Blake, Children of the Movement).

“Keeping the Faith,” Washington Post Book World, 15 February 2004, pp. 3-4. (David Chappell, A Stone of Hope).

“Recommended Reading: A Selection of Books About the Civil Rights Movement,Chicago Tribune Book Review, 1 February 2004, p. 1.

“A Revolutionary in the Spotlight and in Exile,” Los Angeles Times, 25 January 2004, p. 6. (Stokely Carmichael, Ready for Revolution).

“The Party of Freedom,” The New Republic, 29 September 2003, pp. 28-34. (John D’Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin, & Barbara Ransby, Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement).

“In the Bloody Hands of Hatred,” Los Angeles Times Book Review, 13 April 2003, pp. 12-13. (Christopher Waldrep, The Many Faces of Judge Lynch, Philip Dray, At the Hands of Persons Unknown, & three other lynching books).

“Georgia Redistricting Has a Contentious and Complicated History,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 30 March 2003, p. C8. (Laughlin McDonald, A Voting Rights Odyssey: Black Enfranchisement in Georgia).

“Foreword to the Second Edition” for Charles D. Lowery & John F. Marszalek, eds., The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Civil Rights, 2nd ed. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2003), pp. ix-x.

“The ABA and African-Americans,” American Lawyer’s L Magazine, April 2002, p. 30.

“Many Birminghams: Taking Segregationists Seriously,” Southern Changes 23 (Summer 2001): 26-32, (Fall 2001): 29-31. (Diane McWhorter, Carry Me Home, Charles Marsh, The Last Days, Jack Davis, Race Against Time, et al.).

“Math Sheik,” Washington Monthly 33 (April 2001): 57-58. (Robert P. Moses & Charles E. Cobb, Jr., Radical Equations: Math Literacy and Civil Rights).

“Requiem for a Dream,” Wilson Quarterly 25 (Spring 2001): 112-14. (Constance Curry et al., Deep In Our Hearts, & Lynne Olson, Freedom’s Daughters).

“Foreword,” for Sara Mitchell Parsons, From Southern Wrongs to Civil Rights: The Memoir of a White Civil Rights Activist (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2000), pp. xi-xxi.

“Visionaries of the Law: John Minor Wisdom and Frank M. Johnson, Jr.,” Yale Law Journal 109 (April 2000): 1219-1236.

“Race Reform Group’s History in Two Parts,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 30 April 2000, pp. F1, F4.

“Introduction” for Champions of the Cause: Profiles in Courage from the Civil Rights Movement [1999 Calendar] (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1998).

Cheryl Lynn Greenberg, ed., A Circle of Trust: Remembering SNCC, in the Journal of American History 86 (March 1999): 1672-73.

“The Civil Rights Era: 1946 to 1965,” in Debra Newman Ham, ed., The African American Odyssey (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1998), pp. 105-121.

“The Symbolic Justice,” Washington Monthly 30 (November 1998): 42-44. (Juan Williams, Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary).

“Walking the Walk,” Southern Changes 20 (Summer 1998): 23-25. (David Halberstam, The Children, & John Lewis, Walking With the Wind).

“Marching Through ’64,” Wilson Quarterly 22 (Spring 1998): 98-101. (Taylor Branch, Pillar of Fire).

“Introduction” to Alex Poinsett, Walking With Presidents: Louis E.Martin and the Rise of Black Political Power (Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1997), pp. xiii-xvi.

“Elijah Muhammad vs. Malcolm X,” Newsday, 23 February 1997, pp. G13- 14. (Claude Andrew Clegg III, An Original Man).

“The Southern Christian Leadership Conference,” in Jack Salzman et al., eds., Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History (New York: Macmillan, 1996), pp. 2535-36.

“The Struggle for Black Equality,” in Andrzej Bartnicki & Donald T. Critchlow, eds., Historia Stanow Zjednoczonych Ameryki [History of the United States of America], vol. 5 (Warsaw: PWN Academic Press, 1996), pp. 215-236.

“Marshall, Hoover and the NAACP,” Newsweek, 16 December 1996, p. 37.

“To Be Young, Gifted and Black,” Washington Post Book World, 3 November 1996, p. 4. (Andrew Young, An Easy Burden).

“A Perpetual Outsider,” Newsday, 28 July 1996, p. C32. (Marshall Frady, Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson).

Chandler Davidson & Bernard Grofman, eds., Quiet Revolution in the South, in Journal of Southern History 61 (November 1995): 849-851.

“Religious Resources and the Montgomery Bus Boycott,” Criterion 34 (Spring/Summer 1995): 2-9.

“A Day Late?,” Southern Changes 17 (Spring 1995): 20-22. (John Egerton, Speak Now Against the Day).

John C. Inscoe, ed., Georgia in Black and White, in the Georgia Historical Quarterly 79 (Spring 1995): 291-292.

“The Voting Rights Act Thirty Years Later,” Focus 23 (February 1995):3-4, 8.

David L. Lewis, W. E. B. DuBois, in the Journal of American History 81 (September 1994): 620-622.

“A Long Road to Freedom,” Newsday, 15 May 1994, pp. 34, 36. (Jack Greenberg, Crusaders in the Courts, & John Dittmer, Local People).

Michael Friedly, Malcolm X: The Assassination, in the Journal of American History 80 (March 1994): 1540-1541.

“Jo Ann Gibson Robinson,” in Darlene Clark Hine, ed., Black Women in America (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1993), pp. 988-989.

“Malcolm X Under the BOSS’ Prying Eyes,” Newsday, 10 June 1993, pp. 103-104.

“Does Anyone Care Who Killed Malcolm X?,” New York Times, 21 February 1993, p. IV-17.

“Foreword,” for Charles D. Lowery & John F. Marszalek, eds., Encyclopedia of African-American Civil Rights (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), pp. ix-x.

Clayborne Carson & David Gallen, eds., Malcolm X: The FBI File, in the Journal of American History 79 (December 1992): 1250.

“The Rise and Fall of Adam Clayton Powell,” Boston Globe, 3 November 1991, pp. 91, 94. (Charles V. Hamilton, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.).

“Freedom Road: The Pathfinders,” Los Angeles Times Book Review, 17 March 1991, pp. 2, 8. (Fred Powledge, Free At Last?) (Reprinted in Rights 37 [July-August 1991]: 4-5).

“When Black America Moved North,” Newsday, 3 March 1991, pp. 21, 24. (Nicholas Lemann, The Promised Land).

“Rowan Breaks No Barriers in Cheap-Shooting Memoir,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 6 January 1991, p. N-9. (Carl T. Rowan, Breaking Barriers: A Memoir).

“The Voting Rights Act in Historical Perspective,” Georgia Historical Quarterly 74 (Fall 1990): 377-398.

“Uncle Sam vs. Jim Crow,” Washington Post Book World, 20 May 1990, p. 9. (Hugh Davis Graham, The Civil Rights Era).

“The Age of the Unheralded,” The Progressive 54 (April 1990): 38-43.

“The Selma March,” in William Ferris & Charles R. Wilson, eds., Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989), p. 223.

“Federal Enforcement of Civil Rights,” in William Ferris & Charles R. Wilson, eds., Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989), pp. 1476-77.

“Preface” for Irwin Klibaner, Conscience of A Troubled South: The Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1946-1966 (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1989), pp. xi-xii. (Vol. 14 of King and the Movement).

“Preface” for James H. Laue, Direct Action and Desegregation (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1989), pp. xiii-xiv. (Vol. 15 of King and the Movement).

“Preface” for Joan T. Beifuss, At the River I Stand: Memphis, the 1968 Strike, and Martin Luther King (New York: Carlson Publishing,1989), pp. 5-6. (Vol. 12 of King and the Movement).

“Preface” for Martin Oppenheimer, The Sit-In Movement of 1960 (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1989), pp. xi-xii. (Vol. 16 of King and the Movement).

“Preface” for Aimee I. Horton, The Highlander Folk School (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1989), pp. ix-x. (Vol. 13 of King and the Movement).

“Preface” for Emily Stoper, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (New York: Carlson Publishing, 1989), pp. ix-x. (Vol. 17 of King and the Movement).

“A Victory Half Won,” New York Times Book Review, 17 December 1989, p. 28. (Robert Weisbrot, Freedom Bound).

“Whitney Young and the Politics of Moderation,” Washington Post Book World, 17 December 1989, p. 5. (Nancy Weiss, Whitney M. Young, Jr.)

Neil McMillen, Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow, in Georgia Historical Quarterly 73 (Winter 1989): 874-76.

“Civil Rights Potpourri,” Dissent 36 (Winter 1989): 124-125. (Taylor Branch, Parting the Waters).

Philanthropy and the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Center for the Study of Philanthropy Working Paper, CUNY Graduate Center, 1988.

“The Limits of Political Power,” Washington Post Book World, 31 May 1987, pp. 1, 13. (Margaret Edds, Free At Last).

“A. Philip Randolph,” in Bernard K. Johnpoll & Harvey Klehr, eds., Biographical Dictionary of  the American Left (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press,1986), pp. 326-29.

“Bayard Rustin,” in Bernard K. Johnpoll & Harvey Klehr, eds., Biographical Dictionary of the American Left (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press,1986), pp. 337-39.

“Leadership and Competition in the Civil Rights Movement,” in Charles W. Eagles, ed., The Civil Rights Movement in America (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986), pp. 55-64.

Patrick Washburn, A Question of Sedition, in the Journal of American History 73 (December 1986): 802-803.

“Black Civil Rights During the Eisenhower Years,” Constitutional Commentary 3 (Summer 1986): 361-373. (Reprinted in King and the Movement, Vol. 4, pp. 269-281).

Linda McMurry, Recorder of the Black Experience, in the Journal of Southern History 52 (May 1986): 322-323.

“The Origins of the Montgomery Bus Boycott,”  Southern Changes 7 (October-December 1985): 21-27. (Reprinted in King and the Movement, Vol. 7, pp. 607-619, in Nancy A. Hewitt, ed., Women, Families, and Community, vol. 2 [Chicago: Scott, Foresman & Co., 1990], pp. 224-234, and in Eleanor P. Stoller & Rose C. Gibson, eds., Worlds of Difference (Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press, 1994), pp. 66-70.

“The Second Reconstruction,” The Nation 241 (23 November 1985): 559-60. (David Colburn, Racial Change and Community Crisis, Steven Lawson, In Pursuit of Power, & Robert J. Norrell, Reaping the Whirlwind).

“Social Protest Movements: What Sociology Can Teach Us,” PS 18 (Fall 1985): 814-816.

“Freedom’s Rider,” The Nation 240 (4 May 1985): 535-537. (James Farmer, Lay Bare the Heart).

“Black Ministerial Protest Leadership” in Samuel S. Hill, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion in the South (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1984), pp.106-08.

“Southern Christian Leadership Conference” in Samuel S. Hill, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion in the South (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1984), pp. 724-25.

Mary Aickin Rothschild, A Case of Black and White, in the Journal of American History 70 (June 1983): 203-204.

“Black Voting in South Carolina, 1970-1976,” Review of Black Political Economy 9 (Fall 1978): 60-78.